CBD and the Human Body
Now that we have discussed what the Cannabis plant is and how hemp, marijuana, and all aspects like cannabinoids and terpenes fit into it, it’s important to understand why and how CBD can have therapeutic effects with the human body.
The human body is comprised of systems that have a job responsible for making our bodies function properly. The respiratory system allows us to breath, the digestive system allows us to digest the food we eat, and the muscular and skeletal systems allow for us to maintain our physical posture.
While we have known about these systems for a very long time, it was only in 1992 that the endocannabinoid system was discovered by Dr. Mechoulam. Its role is to maintain balance throughout the systems in our body. Without the endocannabinoid system keeping all of our other systems in check, we would spike fevers, experience panic attacks, we would not be able to regulate our digestion among many other things.
The endocannabinoid system (or ECS) works with receptors spread throughout all of our bodily systems. These receptors job is to absorb cannabinoids and there are two types - CB1 receptors and CB2 receptors
CB1 receptors are primarily on the cells in the brain and central nervous system. THC primarily interacts with these receptors. CB2 receptors are found in peripheral organs, especially cells associated with immune system, which CBD primarily interacts.
Breaking down the complex systems of our bodies is no easy task, so we like to “the lock and key” as an easy analogy to help summarize the relationship between cannabinoids and the receptors of the ECS. When CBD interacts with the CB1 and CB2 receptors, it acts as the key to unlock the lock (receptor) that opens the pathways that can lead to homeostasis within the body.